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Online Threats Towards Women

Updated: Aug 3, 2023

by Natacha Umutoni



Picture this: A young Rwandan woman logs onto her social media accounts to catch up with friends or search for job opportunities. Suddenly, she receives a message from a stranger containing explicit and threatening language. She feels anxious and violated, but unsure of whether or how to report the incident. This is the reality for many women in Rwanda's online space.

Despite Rwanda's progress in bridging the digital divide, women continue to face various forms of online violence, ranging from cyberbullying to identity theft. Thus, discussions on online safety for women are crucial. By creating safe and inclusive digital spaces, women can harness the power of technology to access essential services, participate in the economy and connect with loved ones.

There are various forms of online threats towards women and the measures that can be taken to address them.


Types of online threats towards women


While the internet has proven to be a useful tool for communication and access to information, it has also created new avenues for various forms of violence against women.

  • Cyberbullying and harassment are one of the most common types of online threats towards women, and it can take many forms. For instance, trolls who hurl derogatory or sexist comments at women on social media platforms.

  • Online sexual harassment and revenge porn is another serious online threat that women in Rwanda face. It involves the sharing of sexually explicit material without the consent of the victim.

  • Identity theft and fraud are also rampant online, and women are particularly vulnerable to these crimes. Hackers can steal personal information, such as banking details or social security numbers, which can lead to severe financial and emotional distress.

Online threats against women pose a severe risk to their safety and well-being. It is crucial to raise awareness about these issues and work towards creating a safer online environment for all users.


Factors contributing to online threats


Online threats towards women are not only a digital issue but also a representation of the patriarchal norms present in society. Gender-based violence and discrimination play a major role in perpetuating online harassment of women. In a country like Rwanda, where society has patriarchal norms deeply ingrained in it, the lack of accessibility to education and resources poses as another challenge. The digital divide does not only limit women's access to online resources but also hinders their ability to defend themselves against online abuse. Adding to that is the culture of victim-blaming, which is widely prevalent in society. This culture is harmful as it instils a sense of blame in female victims, leaving them feeling powerless and vulnerable. It is essential that while building a safer digital world for women, we also address the underlying patriarchal norms that influence online behaviour towards them.


Safety measures for online activities


As women, it's crucial to be cautious while carrying out online activities. With the rise of cyber threats, it's our responsibility to protect ourselves from any potential danger in the digital world. For starters, it's essential to use strong passwords and avoid sharing personal information. We often get lured into clicking on suspicious links or downloading attachments, which can lead to hacking or malware attacks. So, let's be cautious and avoid interacting with unknown sources online. Additionally, enabling two-factor authentication and privacy settings can help keep our online activities secure. Remember, prevention is better than cure, and we can't afford to compromise on our online safety.


Support systems for victims of online threats


It is vital to have support systems for victims of online threats in Rwanda. Victims can report cases of harassment, cyberbullying, or revenge porn to law enforcement agencies. These complaints can result in legal action being taken against the perpetrators.

Additionally, victims can access mental healthcare and support groups to help them cope with the traumatic experience. It is also crucial for women in Rwanda to embrace digital literacy and education.

Awareness campaigns can be organised to educate women on online safety measures, including how to protect personal information and how to be cautious while clicking on links or downloading attachments. Although it is challenging to ensure online safety for all women in Rwanda, there is a need for a collective effort from policymakers, civil society organizations, and individuals to tackle the issue. By taking necessary precautions and reporting online threats, women can continue enjoying the benefits of a digital world while staying safe.

Online safety is key to women's well-being and empowerment. Let's raise awareness and take action for a safer digital world for all.


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